Gender and Ethnicity. Ethnicity, Nationality, Race, Heritage, Culture, Identity: these terms can be confusing, to say the least. On the other hand, a religion is a belief in or the worship a god. Yes. Race vs. Ethnicity and religion are deeply connected. Yes. A person's race is made up of their physical traits. To complicate matters, there is no universal consensus on how to define each of these concepts individually. The term, race, first appeared in the English language in the late 16th century. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, art, and physical appearance. In Israel, for example, the term nationality that appears on national ID cards implies what in the U.S. would be a person’s ethnicity, and has no relation to their citizenship. It is an identification based on shared ancestry, language, and cultural tradition. What Is Race? This is their genetic make up that has caused their skin color, eye color, hair color, etc. Hence, Jewish Israelis will have ID cards that indicate their nationality as being “Jewish”, while Arab Israelis, who make up the bulk of Israel’s non-Jewish population, will have “Arab” indicated as their nationality on their ID cards. Israeli is not considered a nationality, and therefore, will not be found on the ID cards of Israeli citizens. In some ideologies, race, ethnicity and nationality are all one and the same. It's quite important that we familiarize ourselves with the differences of … While the census just provides two categories: Hispanic or Latino and not Hispanic or Latino, ethnicity is way more than that. This same belief was often the justification used by white Americans for the institution of slavery in the U.S., and later, the Jim Crow Laws that led to the segregation of blacks and whites in the South. Unlike race, however, ethnicity can also denote a person’s language, culture, or even their religion. RELATED: What Does BIPOC Stand For? But simply being white didn’t make someone Aryan. In Nazi ideology, for example, Jews and Slavs were considered races unto themselves, and inferior races at that, while the so-called Aryans, were at the top of the Nazi racial hierarchy. The Kurdish people of the Middle East, for instance, are an ethnic group that make up the majority of the population in parts of present-day Turkey, Syria, Iraq, and Iran. Various ethnic groups can also be described as the historical evolution of tribal groups. Regardless of how one sees them, however, the fact of the matter is that they are concepts that have influenced our past, our present, and very likely our future. Here are some of the key differences and similarities between the three concepts: The definition of race has not been consistent throughout history, nor is it consistent today, based on people’s beliefs. Ethnicity can include several characteristics, such as race, language, and religion. People belonging to this group share common traditions, history, language or dialect, culture, behaviour, religion, physical appearance and similar other factors like geographical affiliation to a particular place, dressing style, food, beliefs, etc. It’s also problematic when people try to rope all BIPOC people together in one group. It can also be based on your geography or your family's origin. Other groups of people seeking to become nationalities include the Palestinians, who are also located in the Middle East, as well as the Basques of France and Spain, the Quebec sovereigntist movement in Canada, the Baluchis of Pakistan and Iran, and the Tibetans and Uighurs of China. Hence, a key difference between ethnicity and nationality is whether or not a group of people with a common heritage in the form of shared traditions, language, or religion reside in a specific territory to which they have a legitimate claim. This belief was very prevalent among Europeans during the colonial era, in which European powers colonized and subjugated multitudes of different peoples in Africa, Asia and the Americas. One was of French origin and the other of Italian origin. Like, are you talking about my race or my ethnicity? There are also many countries in which a person must meet certain ethnic criteria to qualify for citizenship. A discussion of the role of religion in the concept of ethnicity. (Oh and for the record, I’m from the Bronx, thank you very much.) Microsoft may earn an Affiliate Commission if you purchase something through recommended links in this article. Alternately, Brazilians (for example) are only Latinx (since they speak Portuguese). Black can be used as a universal term while African-American is a person of African origin. The role or character of 'religion' varies with an ethnic or social group, and thus religion is a more important factor for self-identity in some peoples than in others. Many choose not to identify as African American, since the term kind of ignores Black people who live in or come from all over the world (i.e. Others even go as far as to identify based on region, so they might be Italian but consider themselves Sicilian. By Jason Shvili on May 31 2020 in Society. Ethnicity is how you identify based on nationality, language, culture and religion. Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. The word nationality can have different meanings. How Do Race And Ethnicity Affect Identity? Ethnicity is how you identify based on nationality, language, culture and religion. the interrelated functions of religion and ethnicity but, until recently, have also tended to regard both as artifacts of an outmoded past.7 The title of Milton Gordon's instructive volume on "the role of race, religion, and na-tional origins" in the United States conveyed both a conclusion and a predic- Race - An example of race is brown, white, or black skin (all from various parts of the world). Some believe that ethnicity does, and even should, overlap with race, nationality, or even both. More often than not, it is the color of the skin. You can describe yourself as multiple ethnicities like Chinese American, British Samoan or just Polynesian, Italian or Jewish, to name a few. And the most distinguishing physical characteristic has historically been skin color. One must share a common cultural heritage, ancestry, history, homeland, language/dialect, mythology, ritual, cuisine, art, religion, and physical appearance to be considered as a member of an ethnic group. So in other words, nationality can be another way of saying citizenship. Hold on, Black and African American are different? According to the United Nations Report women constitute half the world's population and perform nearly 2/3 of its work hours, receive 1/10 of the world's income and own less than 1/100 th of the world's property. In other words, they want an independent nation-state for themselves. Ethnicity: What’s the Difference? As for the science behind the concept, the growing consensus among scientists is that there is no way to divide homo sapiens, the scientific name for our modern human species, into races, and that the physical differences between people are the products of evolution and the adaptation of groups of human beings to the environments in which they lived. Ethnicity is a cultural phenomenon. Like race, a person’s ethnicity derives from their origins. So, the next time someone asks you, “What are you?” we hope they have time for you to really explain. Some believe that these concepts are purely human inventions, while others believe they are as real as the sun and the moon. What is religion? There are, however, still scientists that do believe there is a correlation between physical characteristics and things like intelligence and morality.


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