We will not do this whole procedure again so as not to get boring. For you to see this difference, let’s use the natural A minor scale and the A minor harmonic scale as an example. The easiest way to discover the context in which you can use this scale is to pay attention to the fifth degree, as we will explain below. Be careful not to confuse these ideas! And in the minor key there is no V7, because the fifth degree is minor (Vm7): Therefore, the “V7 – Im7” resolution is typical of the minor key. We will show you some examples of how to use this scale. Notice how this scale alone already has a pleasant flavor. Note: when we say “played on top of the V7 chord” it means that it is the harmonic minor scale of the first degree (Im7), only played when the V7 chord appears. See the key of G major: This makes our life a little difficult, because we would always need to be paying attention to the corresponding degrees and tonalities to know when we can and when we cannot apply the harmonic minor scale. ©2014-2020 All Rights Reserved - Simplifying Theory, we used to form the chords of the major key, Notes from the Am Natural scale: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, Notes from the Am Harmonic scale: A, B, C, D, E, F, G#. This change provided a very interesting sound. 10 Best Acoustic Guitar Under 200 Dollars, 8 Most Important Guitar Chords for Beginners, The 5 Pentatonic Scale Shapes You Must Know, Top 6 Best Guitar Amps for Practice and Small Gigs, The 5 Natural Minor Scale Positions You Must Know, Top 10 Best Electric Guitars s under 300 Dollars, 10 Ways to Play Beautiful Open Chord Shapes. Using the Harmonic Minor Scale Over Dominant 7th Chords . The chords of the key generated by the A minor harmonic scale is as follows: Note: the method we use to form this chords is the same that we used to form the chords of the major key from the major scale. Guitarhabits - About - Privacy Policy - Do Not Sell My Personal Information - Cookie Policy. The problem is that, in practice, the chords Im(M7), IIImaj7(#5) rarely appear, and the other chords with the extensions m7(b5), m7, 7, maj7, appear in numerous contexts, which makes the approach difficult, because it may be that these chords belong to another key that is not the harmonic minor. The harmonic minor scale is very similar to the natural minor scale. Thankfully, in practice, as we already mentioned in the article “How and where to apply scales“, you will hardly apply this scale thinking about the key in this way. The only difference is that the scale used here was the harmonic minor scale. A harmonic minor chords. Notice that in the “V7 – Im7” resolution, the harmonic minor scale is played on top of the V7 chord, as this chord characterizes the harmonic minor tonality. We wouldn’t use the E minor harmonic scale! The Solution below shows the A harmonic minor scale triad chords (i, ii o, III +, iv, V, VI, vii o) on a piano, with mp3 and midi audio.. The Solution below shows the A harmonic minor scale 7th chords, (i 7, ii ø 7, III + 7, iv 7, V 7, VI 7, vii o 7) on a piano, with mp3 and midi audio.. It's common therefore to see something like i - iv - V7 progressions where the V7 is taken from the harmonic minor while the rest of the chords are taken from the natural minor. For example, if the E7 chord appears resolving in the Am chord, we would use the A minor harmonic scale at the time that E7 was being played. This is very important to know, as this is the chord progression that appears most in the songs when the subject is harmonic minor. Big list of common triads and four note chords of the scale E Harmonic Minor This resolution is typical of the harmonic minor context, as it does not exist in the natural major key or the natural minor. The reason probably being the harmonic minor is such a strong sound, that using it for extended periods of time can sound almost cliche. The context in which the harmonic minor scale most often appears in solos, riffs or arrangements is when a V7 chord resolves in a minor chord. This seventh major degree on the minor harmonic scale increased the distance between degrees 6 and 7, shortening the distance between degrees 7 and 8. On the natural minor scale, the seventh degree is minor, while in the harmonic minor scale, the seventh degree is major. A harmonic minor 7th chords. The chords of the key generated by the A minor harmonic scale is as follows: Note: the method we use to form this chords is the same that we used to form the chords of the major key from the major scale. More generally, the harmonic minor chords can be seen as follows: Im(M7) – IIm7(b5) – IIImaj7(#5) – IVm7 – V7 – VImaj7 – VII#dim. In the major key, the V7 resolves in a major chord, as we already know. Harmonic minor chords. Starting with The Tertian Chords of The Harmonic Minor Scale As a curiosity, a musical style that is based a lot on the minor harmonic scale is Spanish music. The chords Just like the major scale you can build chords of the harmonic minor scale. The only difference is that the scale used here was the harmonic minor scale. See the shape of the harmonic minor scale of A (the seventh major degree is highlighted in red) below: Try playing this scale repeatedly to feel the melody. The only difference between the two is in the seventh degree. Chord progressions using the harmonic minor scale will often be mixed with chords taken from the other minor scales. Practice this scale a lot in this context and try to identify songs that contain this  V7 – Im7 progression. Your email address will not be published. If you stack a third and a fifth on top of each scale degree of the harmonic minor scale you get seven chords that you can use for accompaniment to support your soloing. In this case, to use this scale on top of these chords, you would need to identify, for example, if the chord with the extension m7, let’s say Em7, is the fourth degree of the song (IVm7) as we see in the shape for this progression: For that, the song would need to be in B minor, so you could play the harmonic B minor scale at the time that this Em7 chord appears, because the associated key would be: However, if the song were in G major and the Em7 chord appeared, it would be the sixth degree (VIm7) that belongs to the major key, that is, it would not allow the use of the harmonic B minor scale over it (generically speaking). Compare them: Notice how the only difference is in the seventh degree (in this case, the G note). Do not get confused, since we are not saying that it is the harmonic minor scale of the fifth degree. In addition, the dominant V7 is very easy to identify with the ear, especially in a context of a minor tonality.

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